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    @mike C

    I agree that we should go through the whole system and plan the set up better and then tweak everything then finally save scenes.

    This set up was apparently done in a hurry on a Wednesday, early in June, to be able to use the next Sunday. Don’t know if the music director or the dealer drove that schedule.

    I suspect that the digital is totally new to the music director and he relied on the tech to set it up good enough to start with. Especially since the MD did not seem very familiar with the Qu32 controls and options before the set up day.
    The tek did have a lot of experience with the SQ , and by inference the QUs too, but unclear how savvy he was for church application with volounteers using it.

    To their credit the basic system was workable on day 1 albeit not as easy as it could have been to use. OTOH I do not know if they calibrated the screen and faders, checked the room for resonances to set up EQ, or other things I would have liked to have seen done first.

    The church used to have a 40 channel analog which complicated things a little going down to only 32 inputs. I suspect the digital complicated it more. Not sure how savvy the tek was wrt digital.

    There are a lot of myths out there about digital, which I say having studied digital theory in grad school. And some text books by phds even get Nyquist theorem wrong. Close enough for government work, but still shows how they really do not understand digital.

    Also many people still do not understand the differences between dBFS , dBu , dBV , dB SPL – A B C M K weighting, VU, LUFS/LKFS, and how they relate in the real world.

    And don’t get me started on the sample peak problem myth. If the dBFS never went over 0 and you do the D/A from a level below -12dBFS then you will never have a sample peak or clipping problem. There is no reason to ever run digital too high when you can just turn the knob on the power amp to the right to make things louder. Digital is so far above the noise floor and has more headroom than you will ever need.

    There is a real expert at another church who is related to one of our deacons that I told the music director could be used to help with problems.

    I am trying to gently educate him on topics like intelligibility, LUFS, dBFS, VU, to ease him away from his analog mindset.

    We have some other issues that need documenting as playback from the PC is awkward. The output depends on the input on that PC. We have to know to switch the cable on the pc output or there will be no sound.

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    @mark Oakley

    I do not know how the monitors are set up. The dealer and music director did that before anyone else got involved. They used to have a 40 channel analogue board, so some things got rearranged to make it fit on the Qu32 while keeping operation as close to what they had previously, for the current operators.

    I suspect that there are a number of changes in many areas that could be made to improve usability and make it easier to use. All I think I know indicates that there are 4 mixes being used for monitors, and one for hearing impaired. Maybe they should use the two matrix instead of all mix for the choir monitors, which a post in another topic on these forums suggested in a similar situation.

    I believe it is used so the performers can all hear a monitor if they are involved in the song performance so they can stay in sync. It is also possible that the piano , or keyboard/guitar on stage is also in the piece. The choir should follow the director and he has his own monitor next to him. But I do not think the choir would ever sing with a CD track, that is usually 1-4 singers up front alone when that happens. And I do not know where the ‘loft’ is or why there is a monitor there. Supposedly it is next to the pipes for the organ. And no reason why they need a monitor there at all if they really have the floor wedges in front of the choir too.

    We also have two wedges on the floor on the top step going up to the stage in front of the pulpit. We have a set of monitors that are at the piano, organ, and choir director locations. We have the choir loft, and we seem to have have two more wedges on the floor in front of the choir at the back of the stage. Also there is one monitor meant to feed hearing impaired which is to be upgraded when we can afford it.

    The whole set up is a mystery. I just got involved a couple months ago. I would think the front wedges would be good enough with the piano/organ/director set. Those also seem to have volume control knobs so should not be the problem.

    I am not on stage so I cant judge how well the monitors can be heard. All I can do is what the music director says to do.

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    How’s about putting a dbx PA2 or Venue 360 between your mixer and power amps? That’s what I install on all my jobs. I don’t use the feedback eliminator as I rarely need it.

    Money. At least for a church it is harder to spend money on more tech. A software plug in would be so much better for us.

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    We had two volounteers which made it tough for them. They have done it for 11 years now.
    They alternated Sundays AM but there was nobody for Sunday PM or Wednesday night. And if work takes them out of town it gets to be a problem.

    We are training 4 new ones. Some have hobby experience, one went to Full Sail and has some real experience,
    one appears to be an artist who is willing to help, not sure about the last one. No guarantee that they all get it well enough and all will keep volounteering.

    I suspect the music director will rotate most of the others through Sunday AM with one of the old timers so as to make sure they are all experienced and could do it alone if needed.

    It appears that I will be the only one doing Sunday night and Wednesdays. But those nights are not nearly as challenging.
    Nor are flubs as damaging to ensuring that people keep coming back and dont leave because of the audio. Without a choir in the evening we can kill those monitors which helps a lot. The piano and organ monitors are not a problem. The only other one is the stage wedges but they are not a real issue either on Weds. or in the evening Sunday.

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    The monitors are redone because the music director often playsback CDs or PC music that he provided for that week.
    Or more accurately, he has the volounteers play it while he is on stage directing things.

    I am trying to get him to normalise the CDs he burns using LUFS ap so that once we set the level correctly, we can use that level every time in the future and then we won’t have to tweak the stage monitors any longer.

    Complicating things is that he is more a musical expert than a sound expert although he does know a lot about using a board.
    I suspect that digital dBFS and LUFS and similar new things are still being learned.
    Also, he tends to set things by ear not by measurements that show the real levels.

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    That limitation did seem strange. It is too bad that the USB is such a problem.
    Maybe they could add an SD card internally that could hold permanent memory like many shows each with 100 scenes.

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    Reasonable suggestions for normal situations.
    Thanks to those who replied.

    We are a church. We have to use volounteers.
    You mix with the volounteers you have not the volounteers you wish you had.
    Some are skilled but yet they take a long time setting up do to volume variations depending on what CD we may play that week.

    The music director is on stage doing things during the service and not really able to tweak in RT via the Ipad that he has.
    Or the one that the dealer will be providing soon.

    Also they take an hour every week before the services to tune the mixes to stage monitor to get levels right.
    There HAS to be an easier way to do that.

    An LUFS meter would certainly speed things up as we could set the output the same every time and do it faster.
    An automatic feedback suppressor would also be helpful. I have seen those in use in other places. Would be nice if it were built into the Qu32 also.

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    We buy what is available. So far none of the USB memory sticks we have bought will work.
    The Qu does not recognize them. Even after reformatting them on a PC and retrying.

    We should be able to use any reasonable memory stick eg USB 3 without wondering if it will work on the Qu.

    I can buy any memory stick and it works on my PC. Why does the Qu need special ones?
    AH should sell memory sticks or fix the bug in the mixer.

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    I would like the manual to have a list of all the acronyms and abbrevs in a list for reference.
    Some can be figured out. Some remain a mystery until you stumble upon the answer.

    Also explain AH usage which I find in cases to be different from the way I had seen it used in the past.

    Finally, I am discovering that the manual does not cover all the details that could be useful.
    At a minimum it should show an org chart of all the screens to guide understanding and for reference by new users.

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    You can see the red lines at every clip point in audacity.

    As I recall audacity called touching 0dBFS as a clip.
    It assumes that in the gaps there will be peaks which is erroneous.


    Talking about them in the digital domain is pure nonsense although way too common especially on the internet.
    And if you lower the gain before you convert there is no clipping in the analog world.

    My rule of thumb was to keep everything at -12dBFS at all times.
    If you want louder turn the knob on the power amp before the speakers to the right.

    With 0 on the Qu being equal to -18dBFS I have an extra 6 dB even before my personal safety margin,
    so that touching the top light on the Qu does not bother me.

    You could keep it all a LOT lower and still have no noise problems.

    I am an EE and did digital in graduate school.
    There is a lot of nonsense out there which is ‘common knowledge’ that is inaccurate and misleading.

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    Not the way I read the manual.

    We play through a CD player and a PC into mono channels on the back of the board.
    I think you can link mono channels with some of the other features on the board. Maybe mix or matrix does that.

    We are a mono only set up so we convert stereo inputs from CD to two monos essentially; using a Y cable to split the signal into two inputs.

    You could also play from a PC into the other stereo input using USBB input.
    Plug the memory stick into the PC and play it from there into ST2.

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    Not sure how you are using your board. Or how much the faders are moving.

    We power off every day.
    Then when the next user turns it on and signs in they select the scene that they will use for their start point.
    That resets everything to the original setting for their use.

    Save your current set up. Power off and then restart.
    Make any adjustments that are needed.
    Then if you are not using AMM or other features that would change the fader settings you would appear to have a hardware problem.

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    We have not yet found a USB that works at all.
    Brand new board so still looking for a USB that would work.

    However, we do record the audio to a cd recorder just fine.
    I am new at this job at the church too, so still learning their set up,
    but it looks like that device is record only as there is a separate one to play from that goes into an input on the board.

    That is a similar idea to using a PC to record tracks.
    We only need the one track, so one channel output from the QU32 is fine for us.

    If you need multiple channels to edit and mix later then the PC approach seems to be the answer to the USB problems.

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    you said
    I knew the jacks are simply marked as input but my old boards, from when I was still doing analog recording, all had the function to plug an Insert effect for live stuff so I thought “what the hell, let’s just try” and was surprised when at least some effect was added to the signal, dry as it may have been.
    I don’t have the wiring diagram in my head and I don’t know what software magic A&H may have sprinkled in there, that’s what got me to ask here.
    So to summarize:
    On the Qu’s there is no intended way to do Insert effects. I don’t do live stuff, but even for that it would be a Send/Return FX loop or onboard effects.

    The board I was used to had a jack that used a special Y cable. It sent the input out the cable that went to an fx device.
    The device then connected to the other half of the cable to return the wet signal where it continued down the channel strip.

    You cannot do that with the qu32. What you can do is pick up to 4 FX from their library and insert that as if it had been outboard like in previous devices. I think it has 4 compressors with many options on each. Plus a library of other FX.
    You can use up to 4 of them in the Qu at a time.

    If none of the library of fx is suitable then go to plan B:
    like the other guy said use the other analog board patch in the fx with send/return , and bring that output into the QU.

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    So they don’t plan to fix the usb3 bugs that makes finding a usable memory stick difficult?

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